What Are Automobiles?


Automobiles, also called cars, are wheeled motor vehicles for transporting people that use an internal combustion engine to turn the wheels. They usually run on gasoline or other liquid fuels, but some use electric power. The most common types of automobiles are passenger cars, sport-utility vehicles and minivans. There are also special vehicles for certain purposes, such as crane vehicles at construction sites and forklifts in warehouses.

The automobile has changed many aspects of human life. It has opened up the world, making it easier to travel long distances for work and leisure. It has led to the development of new industries and businesses, such as highway construction, automotive parts manufacturing and services like gas stations and hotels. It has also spawned new laws and government requirements, including safety features like seatbelts and highway rules. It has also impacted the environment, with the pollution and destruction of natural habitats caused by driving.


Automobiles allow us to commute to work, visit family and friends, go shopping, and take trips. They are a big part of our everyday lives, and most of us can’t imagine life without them. In addition, owning an automobile is a status symbol for many people and can give them a sense of pride when they see it parked beside their home.

The first modern automobiles were invented in the late 1800s, with engineers such as Karl Benz developing designs that made them more affordable for middle-class Americans. In the early 1910s, businessman Henry Ford revolutionized automobile production with his assembly line. This allowed him to make his Model T car at a price that middle-class families could afford. This helped to propel automobiles into the mainstream of American society, and it enabled large companies such as Ford, GM and Chrysler to dominate the industry.

Today, there are dozens of different types of automobiles on the market, from luxury sedans to SUVs and minivans to trucks and utility vehicles. The most popular type of vehicle is the passenger car, which accounts for more than half of all vehicles in operation worldwide. There are a few distinct styles of passenger car, including sedans, hatchbacks and wagons. Many automobile manufacturers offer a wide range of models in each of these categories, and some produce vehicles that don’t fit neatly into any category, such as the Subaru Outback or Audi A4 Allroad with elevated ground clearance and rugged body cladding. The 10 most common types of automobiles are shown in the table below.